The awards of self-certification status to suppliers with self-evident quality systems is intended to integrate quality throughout manufacturing by ensuring better reliability of products. However it is to be seen how these are effectively implemented on ground.
The defence ministry has decided to allow defence public sector units (DPSUs) and private firms to self-certify the quality of their products and assume responsibility of their product vide letter No. 93244/14/SC/DGQA/Adm-19/D(QA)/19. The objective of the policy is to promote ease of doing business and achieve the vision of ‘Make in India’. The scheme is intended to integrate quality throughout manufacturing by ensuring better reliability of products. The mechanism will be instituted for awarding self-certification status to suppliers with self-evident quality systems by DGQA.
Self-certification is the process adopted by Govt. of India, Deptt. of Defence Production (DDP) to delegate the responsibility of certifying the Quality of products to the manufacturer on behalf of purchaser, after ensuring the demonstration of the manufacturer’s capability of consistently producing defect free products over a period. This reflects the Purchaser’s confidence in the Supplier’s sustained capability to manufacture without defects and ability to assure Quality.
At present, for the most part, the supplies effected by the DPSUs and those of the Pvt Vendors, excepting the few who have earned the Self Certification status, are subjected to Quality Assurance by DGQA per contracted norms. In light of the Govt reiterating self-reliance in the manufacture of defence products, the Self-certification scheme assumes greater significance.
The DPSUs/ Pvt Vendors shall exhibit a stellar past performance demonstrated by a consistently maintained Supplier Rating above 90%. The process should be stable and Process Capability Index (Cpk value) for those processes critical to Quality of the product should be greater than 1.33.
The DPSUs/ Pvt Vendors shall have established a Quality Management System (QMS) certified as per the requirements of ISO 9001: 2015 and its revisions.
The test labs of the DPSUs/ Pvt Vendors shall have Quality Systems in conformance with ISO/IEC 17025 and preferably be NABL accredited.
The Vendors seeking product specific Self-certification status shall be assessed by the nominated team headed by the ADGQA as per the laid down criteria, with a minimum score of 90% in QMS of the Vendors and Performance Matrices as relevant to the product.
Revocation of Self-certification may be resorted due to any nonconformance in Quality and Reliability of product performance observed by the User on account of manufacturers fault will warrant immediate revocation of the Self-certification status.
The vendor will be responsible for Quality, traceability, keep an record of traceability and associate in defect investigation.
In the recent past Department of defense Production has come out with some of the initiatives with the aim to facilitate ease of doing business as under:-
- Policy on ‘Utilization of third party inspection services for Aero systems”.
- Corporate Quality Assurance guidelines on Evaluation & selection of inspection bodies.
- Utilisation of Services of Third Party Inspection Bodies by HAL for Outsourced Vendors.
- Scheme for Outsourcing of Quality Assurance Functions for Defence Stores Manufactured by Private Industry to Third Party Inspection (TPI) Agency.
- Scheme for self certification of Defence Public Sector & Private Vendors 2019.
- List of Firms approved for registration as Third Party Inspection agency by DGQA.
The details of the above schemes are at. http://www.makeinindiadefence.gov.in/pages/quality-assurances-initiatives. However it is to be seen how these are effectively implemented on ground.